Heart disease is the leading cause of death worldwide: it dies more people each year due to cardiovascular disease than any other cause.
17.5 million The estimated number of deaths due to cardiovascular diseases, or 31% of total global mortality. Of these deaths, an estimated 7.4 million were due to coronary heart disease and stroke to 6.7 million (2012 figures).
Individuals with cardiovascular disease or at high risk of cardiovascular disease (due to the presence of one or more risk factors such as hypertension, diabetes, hyperlipidemia or already installed disease) require early detection and a support comprising psychological support and medication as needed.
WHO defines physical activity as any bodily movement produced by muscles requires the expenditure of energy - which comprises the movements carried out in working, playing, doing household chores, when moving and during leisure activities. The term "physical activity" should not be confused with the term "exercise" which is a subset of the more deliberate physical activity, structured, repetitive, and aims to improve or maintain one or more aspects of physical fitness. The level intensity is moderate or stronger, physical activity has health benefits.
Physical inactivity is one of the ten risk factors of mortality in the world. Physical inactivity is a major risk factor for noncommunicable diseases (NCDs) such as cardiovascular diseases, cancer and diabetes. Physical activity has important health benefits and helps prevent NCDs. Globally, one in four adults lack of exercise.
Over 80% of teenagers do not have enough physical activity.56% of WHO Member States have policies to fight against physical inactivity.The WHO Member States agreed to reduce 10% of physical inactivity by 2025.
Falls are the leading cause of death for over 65 years. Every year in France, nearly 400,000 older people are an accidental fall. Nearly 12 000 people die. A fall in twelve cause a fracture, and this would affect the femoral neck once in three. It is estimated at 50,000 the number of fractures of the femoral neck every year in France.
Falls are the second leading cause of accidental death or death from unintentional injury worldwide. An estimated 424,000 people die each year as a result of falls. People who are the largest number of fatal falls are people over 65 years. 37.3 million falls are recorded each year that are serious enough to require medical attention.
- After a fall, the risk of falling again in the same year is multiplied by 20.
- The risk of falling increases with age. Each year, falls affect:
• 35% of people aged 65-79 years;
• 45% of people aged 80-89 years;
• 55% of people over 90 years.